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Conservation Methods

Conservation Principles

1. Retaining Cultural Significance of a Place; 2. Maintaining Authenticity and Integrity; 3. Retaining Association and Meanings;
4. Compatible Use/Functionality; 5. Significance of Setting/Location; 6. Engaging Stakeholders and Community;
7. Interpretation of Significance; and 8. Co-existence of cultural values.

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Level of Conservation 

RECONSTRUCTION“ means the process of accurately reproducing by new construction, the form and detail of a vanished structure, or part of it, as it appeared at some period in time and includes full or partial reconstruction;

[Interpretation 2(1) National Heritage Bill 2005]

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PRESERVATION“ means aiming to halt further deterioration, decay or a state of dilapidation and providing structural safety and well being but does not contemplate significant rebuilding and includes—

Techniques of arresting or slowing the process of deterioration, decay or state of dilapidation of an item or structure;
improvement of structural conditions to make a structure safe, habitable, or otherwise useful; and normal maintenance and minor repairs that do not change or adversely affect the fabric or historic appearance of a structure;

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CONSERVATION“ includes preservation, restoration, reconstruction, rehabilitation and adaptation or any combination;

[Interpretation 2(1) National Heritage Bill 2005]

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RESTORATION“ means the process of accurately recovering the form and details of a structure or part of a structure and its setting, as it appeared at some period in time, by removing the latter work and replacing the missing original work, and includes—

(a) full restoration which involves both exterior and interior; partial restoration which involves the exterior, interior, or any partial combination and is adopted when only parts of a structure are important in illustrating cultural values at its level of historic significance, or contribute to the values for which the area was designated; adaptive restoration which involves all or a portion of the exterior restoration with the interior adapted to a modern functional use;

[Interpretation 2(1) National Heritage Bill 2005]